I participated in a webinar last week in which one of the topics was invoice value for customs. Following is an overview of the topic.
Customs entries on imported merchandise involve calculating duties and taxes based on commodity classification (HTS), country of origin, and transaction value. In a previous post we discussed the importance of making sure that correct HTS codes are used. In most cases the commercial invoice or CI value is used for duty calculation. In situations where the transaction is not so clear Customs has established an “appraisement hierarchy” to determine entry value. The details can be found in US Customs and Border Protection regulations 19 CFR part 152. Here is a summary:
1) Transaction Value- actual invoice value
2) Transaction Value of identical merchandise- same country, same class and kind
3) Transaction Value of similar merchandise- same country, commercially interchangeable
4) Deductive Value – start with US retail selling price and deduct commissions, transportation, insurance, duty/tax, and value of further processing
5) Computed Value- sum of the following. Importer can request computed instead of deductive. Includes cost of materials, cost of labor, cost of packaging, profit, overhead, G&A
6) Value if other values cannot be determined- if the value of imported merchandise cannot be determined it will be appraised on the basis of a value derived from the methods set forth in parts 152.103 thru 152.106.
Parts 152.107 and 152.108 detail value if other values cannot be determined or used and unacceptable bases of appraisement.
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